Management of Type1 Diabetes (T1D)

Blood glucose levels change after meals and after physical activity or stress, therefore insulin must be taken multiple times a day to match the changes in blood glucose levels. This method is called Multiple Dose Insulin injections (MDI). In MDI we use one long acting insulin (e.g. Glargine) at night, and a short acting insulin 3-4 times before meals during the day. There is a formula to calculate the insulin dosage based on blood glucose levels, carbohydrate (CHO) count in the diet, activity level, and other factors. Training of this is called Diabetes Self-Management Education (DSME) provided by a certified Diabetes Educator which empowers both patients and their families with knowledge on how to manage insulin dosage.

There is no cure for diabetes however, with good control, one can live a normal life. The following quote from Prof. George Alberti, past President of International Diabetes Federation, summarizes the fundamentals behind the management of T1D:

“Person who can properly manage the diabetes is the person who lives with it day by day, month by month, year by year. It is the role of the healthcare professional to equip the patient (and often their family) with the tools to do this”- Professor Alberti.

We can therefore divide the management of T1D in three categories- all of which are necessary for good control of diabetes and prevent complications.

  1. Tools: Insulin; glucometer and strips for self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG); A1c monitoring every three months at a clinic.
  2. Education: Diabetes self-management education (DSME) provided by a Certified Diabetes Educator (CDE) who has good knowledge of diabetes and has social and communication skills to counsel patients giving them hope and confidence.
  3. Physician trained in diabetes provides diagnosis, prescribes insulin, monitors complications. He provides instructions to patients through diabetes educator which frees his time.

Contact Info

Manav Seva Foundation Inc.
8171, Bay Colony Dr
Unit 1103
Naples, FL 34108, USA